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Yoga is a series of stretches and poses, usually in a class, for flexibility, strength, and balance development. The intensity of yoga can be adjusted according to the level of experience.

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Adult Diseases

Adult Diseases: An Overview

Ask your health care professional what you can do concerning the following diseases.

Chickenpox (Varicella) is easily spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Chickenpox causes a rash with itchy blisters. Touching fluid from the blister can also spread the disease. The illness can include headache, fever, general discomfort, and an itchy rash. Problems can include infection of the rash and rarely, infection of the lung and swelling of the brain.

Diphtheria begins as a sore throat with a mild fever. People can get a thick coating on the back of the nose or throat causing breathing and swallowing problems. It can also affect the heart and nerves.

Hepatitis A is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. It is spread by food or water that contains the virus, or by putting objects with the virus on them in the mouth. May cause fever, tiredness, stomachache, loss of appetite, and yellow skin or eyes.

Hepatitis B is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus. It is spread through blood and other body fluids. May cause loss of appetite, fever, tiredness, pain in muscles or joints, stomachache, and yellow skin or eyes. It may lead to liver damage, including liver cancer.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a widespread virus that infects most people in their lifetime. Exposure can happen with any kind of genital contact with someone who has HPV. For most, HPV has no signs or symptoms and clears on its own. For those who don't clear certain types, HPV could cause cervical cancer in females and anal cancer in males and females. Other types could cause genital warts in both males and females.

Influenza (Flu) is an illness of the nose, throat, and lungs caused by viruses that can spread when infected people cough or sneeze. Common symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Influenza can lead to pneumonia and loss of body fluids.

Measles spreads easily when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can cause fever, coughing, running nose, and watery eyes. Complications include ear, lung, and brain infections. While rare, permanent brain damage or death can occur.

Meningococcal Disease (Meningitis) is swelling around the brain. Some types are spread by close contact (such as kissing) with an infected person. Patients may have fever, rash, headache, and a stiff neck.

Mumps is easily spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can cause fever, headache, muscle ache, and swelling of the glands under the ears and jaw. Infection may lead to swelling around the brain and hearing loss.

Pertussis (Whooping Cough) is a lung infection that begins with a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, and a mild cough. The cough progresses into coughing fits making it hard to breathe, eat, drink, or sleep. Whooping cough spreads easily through the air when an infected person breathes, coughs, or sneezes.

Pneumococcal Disease is caused by bacteria in the nose and throat and can spread when infected people sneeze or cough. Common types include an infection of the lung, blood, brain, and spinal cord. Symptoms depend on the part of the body that is infected.

Rubella (German Measles) spreads when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can cause a fever and rash that last for 2–3 days. It may also cause swollen glands, cold-like symptoms, and aching joints. May cause birth defects in babies of pregnant women.

Shingles (Herpes Zoster) is a painful skin rash on one side of the face or body caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV). There is often pain, itching, or tingling in the area where the rash will develop. A rash then forms blisters. The pain may persist for many years in some people.

Tetanus (Lockjaw) enters the body through a cut or wound. May cause painful muscle spasms, the inability to open the mouth (lockjaw), and difficulty swallowing.

For more information about these diseases:

American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)
www.aafp.org
1-800-274-2237

American College of Physicians (ACP)
www.acponline.org
1-800-523-1546

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
www.cdc.gov
1-800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636)

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
www.fda.gov
1-888-463-6332

National Institutes of Health (NIH)
www.nih.gov
1-301-496-4000

Further Resources

About.com

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology

American Academy of Pediatrics

American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America

The Cleveland Clinic health information

eMedicineHealth.com

KidsHealth.org

Mayo Clinic

Pollen.com

WebMD


Further Resources

Allergy and Asthma Network - Mothers of Asthmatics, Inc.

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology

American Lung Association

CDC: asthma's impact on children and adolescents

CDC: how to quit

EPA: asthma and indoor environments

NIH: asthma and physical activity in the school

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


Further Resources

American Diabetes Association

Diabetes Action Research and Education Foundation

Diabetic Exercise and Sports Association

International Diabetes Federation

NIH: NIDDK diabetes health information

NIH: NIDDK nutrition information

NIH: National Diabetes Education Program

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

The Juvenile Diabetes Foundation


Further Resources

American Council for Headache Education

American Headache Society

National Headache Foundation

New England Center for Headache


Further Resources

American Dietetic Association

Dietary guidelines for americans

Food and nutrition information center

NIH: nutrition information

NIH: weight loss and control

NIH: weight control


Always check with the health care professional before beginning any activity plan or increasing activity. It's also important to ask him or her about target heart rate to help determine appropriate exercise intensity.

Always check with your health care professional before beginning any activity plan or increasing your activity. It's also important to ask him or her what your target heart rate is to help determine what exercise intensity is appropriate for you.

Always be sure to check with your health care provider before beginning any activity plan or increasing your activity.

It always helps to ask:

  • What activities are right for me?
  • How much should I do each day?
  • How many days a week?

It's also important to ask him or her what your target heart rate is to help determine what exercise intensity is appropriate for you.

This information is provided by an independent source. Merck is not responsible for this content. Please discuss any and all treatment options with your healthcare professional. The manufacturer of a product generally has the most complete information about that product.

This information is provided by an independent source. Merck is not responsible for this content. Please discuss any and all treatment options with your healthcare professional. The manufacturer of a product generally has the most complete information about that product.

This information is provided by an independent source. Merck is not responsible for this content. Please discuss any and all treatment options with your healthcare professional. The manufacturer of a product generally has the most complete information about that product.

Before making decisions about which policies, if any, to purchase, be sure to:

Thoroughly research policies Review the coverage Compare policy options

Download complete insurance quick reference [PDF 6 pages, 183k] including the health insurance options information on this page.

Before making Medicare choices, always:

Thoroughly review coverage Compare options Call Medicare at 800-633-4227 if you have any questions

Download complete insurance quick reference [PDF, 3 pages, 160k], including Medicare and Medicaid information on this page.

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Health Coach Call

Listen to an example of what a call might sound like.

PlayNutrition call (7:16)
PlayActivity call (7:22)

Here are some important things to know about your Health Coach Call:

Our Coaches are employed by a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., a pharmaceutical company. The information provided is based on generally available nutrition and physical activity guidelines and information applicable to most people. Health Coaches are not licensed dietitians or health and fitness professionals, and they are not in a position to assess your individual nutrition or activity needs. This information is not appropriate if you are pregnant, and it may not be appropriate if you have specialized dietary needs or limitations on the level of activity or exercise you can safely undertake due to your medical conditions. Consult your health care professional regarding your specific needs, limitations, and health conditions. Health Coaches can educate and coach you on nutritional and physical activity recommendations for the typical person. Health Coaches are not health care professionals and cannot offer medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Please consult your health care professional because he or she knows you best. If you have a chronic health condition, check with your health care professional to find out if physical activity is safe before you start. If during your call you have concerns about any condition, special dietary needs, limitations on the level of activity or exercise, any treatments, side effects, or adverse experiences, your Health Coach will refer you to your health care professional.

Activity Points Explained

This Planner uses Activity Points as a way to help you stay motivated and focused on your activity goals. Points are assigned to each activity in the Planner. You'll earn more points when you increase the duration of the activity.

For example, when you bicycle for 15 minutes at a moderate pace (12 to 14 mph), you earn 120 Activity Points. To earn the same number of Activity Points while cycling at a very easy pace (less than 10 mph), you would need to bike for 30 minutes.

If you are currently inactive or get very little activity during the week, a good goal to work toward is 500 Activity Points each week. This is equal to 30 minutes of moderate–intensity aerobic exercise on 5 days a week.

If you are moderately or highly active (more than 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity each week), you may want to aim for up to 1,000 Activity Points each week. This is equivalent to 1 hour of activity on 5 days a week.

What you'll gain

At 500 Activity Points per week: Once you consistently reach this level (ie, 150 minutes of moderate–intensity aerobic activity per week), you may gain substantial health benefits. These benefits include lower risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and depression.

At 1,000 Activity Points per week: When you consistently reach this level (ie, 300 minutes of moderate–intensity aerobic activity per week), you may gain even more health benefits. These benefits include a decreased risk of colon and breast cancer and an even lower risk of heart disease and diabetes.