Where Does Cholesterol Come From?
Cholesterol comes from your body and from food.
- Your body: Your body makes all the cholesterol you need and circulates it through the blood. You produce more cholesterol when you eat foods that are high in saturated and trans fats.
- Your food: Eating food with cholesterol, saturated fats, and trans fats can raise the cholesterol level in your blood.
- Saturated fats: These are fats in foods that come mostly from animal fat. Some examples are butter, cream, and meat.
- Trans fats: These fats are naturally in some foods, like meat and dairy products, but can also be made by adding hydrogen to vegetable oils. This makes the oils more solid. You can find trans fats in some foods that are fried. Other examples are some margarines and shortening.
Why is high cholesterol bad?
Too much LDL (bad) cholesterol can build up in the walls of your arteries. Over time, this buildup can lower blood flow. It can also increase your risk of coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease affects the blood vessels in your heart.
How do I know if I have high cholesterol?
Your health care provider may want to check your cholesterol with a blood test. The name of this test is a lipid panel or lipid profile. Your health care provider will choose when this test is right for you. Health care providers take into account your age and if you show any risk of high cholesterol or cardiovascular disease. This includes problems with your heart or blood vessels.
The lipid panel test includes:
- LDL (bad) cholesterol levels
- HDL (good) cholesterol levels
- Triglyceride levels
- Total cholesterol levels