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Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes > How to Manage Type 2 Diabetes

Eating at Home With Type 2 Diabetes

Between home, work, and family, diabetes-friendly meal planning can sometimes fall to the bottom of our to-do list. A little up-front planning may make eating at home just a little easier. So why not be prepared?

Having a diet with key elements like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains is a great way to help keep your blood sugar levels under control. Here are some easy tips and tricks to help you improve your meal preparation. And eating with the seasons makes shopping for fresh produce easy and flavorful.

A healthier kitchen

Trying to stay on track with your eating? It may make sense to have the right foods and tools on hand. How can you get started? Check out these ideas.

Make Room for Super Foods
Make Room for Super Foods

Make room for superfoods

  • Dark, leafy greens like spinach and kale: Low in calories and carbs
  • Sweet potatoes: A starchy vegetable packed full of vitamin A and fiber
  • Tomatoes: Pureed, raw, or in a sauce, they’re a great source of iron and vitamins C and E
  • Berries like strawberries and raspberries: Packed with antioxidants, vitamins, and fiber, they’re a good choice for a snack
  • Fish, like salmon and trout: A good choice is baked, broiled, or grilled fish that’s high in omega-3 fatty acids
  • Nuts, like almonds and cashews: These provide you with magnesium and fiber, and are good for staving off hunger

Equip yourself with the right tools

  • Nonstick pots and pans: A great way to cook low-fat and fat-free recipes. Can be used with cooking sprays, too
  • Slow cooker: An easy way to make healthy meals. Cook stews, soups, and low-fat cuts of meat at a low, steady temperature so they’re ready when you get home
  • Knives: To make sure your fresh ingredients make the cut, be sure you have on hand a paring knife, serrated knife, and chef’s knife

Some foods to stay away from

  • Processed or cured meats: This includes hot dogs, bologna, salami, bacon, and sausage products
  • Canned soups and broths: Unless they are labeled as low sodium or low fat, it’s better to prepare these yourself
  • Prepared mixes for pasta and rice: Make your own sauces instead, using fresh, natural ingredients

Improving diabetes-friendly meal prep

Like to cook? We’ve got a few tasty tips for you. Love spaghetti and meatballs? How about making them with turkey instead? It’s just one of the many ways you can start cooking healthier today.

Tip 1: Lose the fat

Forget about frying. Instead, try broiling, microwaving, baking, roasting, steaming, or grilling. Use nonstick pans and cooking sprays.

Tip 2: Spice it up

Try not to butter things up. Squeeze a little lemon juice over your fish. Sprinkle your chicken with lemon pepper or mesquite seasoning. Liven up meat and vegetables with garlic.

Tip 3: Go low on dairy

Dairy can still be a part of your day. Just look for nonfat or low-fat items. If you can, stick with fat-free milk and yogurt. And if you love ice cream, make it low fat or choose frozen yogurt.

Tip 4: Make the switch

It’s easy to change recipes that have a lot of fat. Just substitute foods that are more diabetes friendly. Make chili with lean ground turkey instead of beef.

Tip 5: Be carb conscious

Foods that contain carbohydrates can raise blood sugar levels. Try to include nonstarchy vegetables, which are generally low in carbs, in your meals, including broccoli, cucumber, mushrooms, salad greens, and tomatoes.