Trying to lose weight? You need to eat fewer calories than your body burns. Calorie content can help you choose foods with fewer calories. Ask your dietitian or certified diabetes educator to tell you how many calories you need each day.
Total fat tells you how much fat is in a food per serving. It includes fats that are healthier for you, such as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, and fats that should be avoided, such as saturated and trans fats. Fat is calorie dense. Per gram, it has more than twice the calories of carbohydrates or protein.
Your body needs cholesterol, but too much can lead to serious health problems, such as heart attack and stroke. Cholesterol from the foods you eat may increase your blood cholesterol, so it’s a good idea to limit cholesterol from your diet to less than 300 mg per day.
Sodium does not affect blood sugar levels. However, a healthy meal plan with less salt can help you manage your blood pressure. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends reducing sodium intake to less than 2,300 mg/day for people with type 2 diabetes.
Total carbohydrate on the label includes sugar, starches, and fiber. Foods that contain carbohydrates raise blood glucose. By keeping track of how many grams of carbohydrates you eat and setting a limit for your maximum amount to eat, you can help to keep your blood glucose levels in your target range.
If you have type 2 diabetes, you need the same amount of fiber as other people for good health. Dried kidney and pinto beans, fruits, vegetables, and grains are all good ways to add more fiber to your diet.
Added sugars on the label includes sugars added during the processing or packaging of foods, and also includes sugars from syrups, honey, and concentrated fruit or vegetable juices. The added sugars are listed in grams and as a Percent Daily Value (%DV) on the nutrition label.