Taking Medicines for Diabetes

About insulin

Many patients with type 2 diabetes will eventually require insulin therapy because of the progressive nature of the disease.

There are many types of insulin. The differences between the types of insulin are based on:

  • How quickly they work
  • When they peak
  • How long they last

If you need insulin, your health care provider will help you find the right type and teach you how to use it.

Diabetes medicines

There are diabetes pills to help lower blood sugar levels. They work in different ways and your health care provider can explain how different medicines work.

Sometimes, people use a combination of glucose-lowering pills because they work in different ways to lower blood sugar levels.

Know the basics about your medicines

Ask your health care provider or pharmacist questions you may have about your medicines, such as:

  • Are there any special instructions about the medicine? Should I take the medicine with meals or at a certain time of the day?
  • What vitamins, supplements, and foods should I not take with my medicine?
  • What are some of the possible long-term and short-term effects of these medicines?

Some ways to remember to take your medicines

Medicine Tracker

Name and Strength*
of Medicine
Reason Why You
Take It
How Much
You Take
When You
Take It
Notes† Date
Nonprescription medicines and dietary supplements
(vitamins, minerals, and herbal and other substances)

*Strength means the number of milligrams (mg) or other units.

†Foods or other medicines that should be taken with medicine, side effects, and other notes.

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