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Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes > What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes Defined

Learn More About Type 2 Diabetes
Learn More About Type 2 Diabetes

Taking care of yourself when you have type 2 diabetes starts with learning everything you can about your body and your treatment.

To help you begin, we’ve pulled together some useful information and tools for you. In this section, you’ll learn everything from basics to beyond. You know the saying, “knowledge is power?” In the case of type 2 diabetes, that may very well be true.

Learning the basics of type 2 diabetes

Diabetes means that you have too much sugar in your blood. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include:
  • Feeling thirsty
  • Urinating more often
  • Feeling hungry or eating more
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Blurred vision
A main goal of treating type 2 diabetes is to keep your blood sugar controlled.

Glucose, a type of sugar, is a source of energy for your body. You get this sugar from:

  • The food that you eat
  • The sugar that is made in your liver

But, having too much sugar in your blood can be a problem.

The role of insulin in type 2 diabetes

Your body helps lower blood sugar by releasing insulin. Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas. Insulin helps sugar move out of the bloodstream and into many cells of the body, where it is used for energy. If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make enough insulin, and the insulin that your body produces does not work as well as it should. Both of these situations can lead to too much sugar in your blood.

Taking steps to manage your type 2 diabetes

Although there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, there are steps you can take to help manage it. These include working with your health care team to reach your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol goals; taking medicines as prescribed by your doctor; making healthier food choices; and being physically active.